This specification provides the definition of the Forwarding and consolidation summary message (IFCSUM) to be used in Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) between trading partners involved in administration, commerce and transport.
1.1 Functional definition
A message to be used for consolidation purposes from a party arranging forwarding and transport services to the party for which the transport of the consolidated cargo is destined.
The message can be used to exchange information concerning the consolidated cargo between forwarders, carriers and agents enabling those parties to handle the consignments included in this consolidation.
In addition it can be used for a collection of consignments originating from one shipper for forwarding and transport services.
In addition it can be used for an advice of insurance related to a consolidation of consignments if the insured is the party arranging forwarding and transport services.
1.2 Field of application
The Forwarding and consolidation summary message may be used for both national and international applications. It is based on universal practice related to administration, commerce and transport, and is not dependent on the type of business or industry.
The IFCSUM message is a functionality in its own right, distinguishable from the transport booking and instruction messages.
IFCSUM focuses on separate business areas in transport where the view on the operations is transport means or equipment oriented rather than consignment oriented. These business areas do not concentrate on concepts like booking or instruction. The IFCSUM provides currently merely a statement for a means of transport or equipment and their summary type information regarding the consignment carried. The IFCSUM message also provides a means to incorporate the control and auditability information needed for the receiver of the message to perform the operation to be carried out.
IFCSUM is foreseen to be used:
- in the consolidation and deconsolidation industry (stuffing and stripping of consignments in containers)
- in the groupage and degroupage industry (the full load description of rail-cars and road vehicles)
- in the collection and distribution industry (as the description of all consignments to be collected together (maybe from different places) and delivered at possibly different places in a certain region)
- for the declaration of dangerous cargo by ship's agents to their Port Authorities (as listing of the dangerous cargo carried or to be carried by as means of transport).
The message provides information concerning cargo carried on a voyage specifying details regarding carrier, mode of transport, means of transport, equipment and the necessary details of the consignments included in the consolidated cargo.
Under given circumstances a cargo manifest can be obtained through the use of the IFCSUM.
For example, a IFCSUM message can be used in groupage traffic, where it may correspond to a loading list indicating the consignments that have been loaded on a truck.
There is a need for FUNCTIONAL SUBSETS to be derived from the message, for example:
- CONSOLIDATION ADVICE giving information about the departure of a voyage/flight or consolidation to the receiver.
- CONSOLIDATION STATUS giving information about the departure of a voyage/flight or consolidation to principals (e.g. carrier to freight forwarder, consolidator to co-loader etc.).
- CONSOLIDATION REPORT giving information about the arrival and unloading, clearance, etc. from the receiver to the sender.
According to the different information requirements of carriers, carrier's agents, and freight forwarders for the different modes of transport like air, deep sea, inland waterways, rail, road, combined- and/or multimodal- transport different modal subsets can be derived from this message.
There is a need for INTRAMODAL SUBSETS to be transmitted between partners of the same mode of transport (e.g. railway to railway in different countries, deep-sea-carrier to deep-sea carrier, freight forwarder to freight forwarder etc.).
There is another need for INTERMODAL SUBSETS to be transmitted between partners in a multimodal transport (e.g. freight forwarder to trucker, trucker to railway, railway to port authority, port authority to carrier's agent, carrier's agent to carrier etc.).
- A consignment may contain several goods items.
- Goods items may or may not be containerized.
- A goods item may be transported in one or more containers, and a single container may contain one or more goods items.
- One goods item may be related to one or more customs tariff codes.
- Goods items related to one customs tariff code may be carried in one or more containers.
- Goods items may reflect either the contractual or operational description of the goods.
- Pre-carriage (advanced haulage) and/or on-carriage (destination haulage) of goods items or equipment within one booking or instruction may take place in different steps, each step specified with its own transport details group.
- Equipment may have other types of equipment attached to it, e.g. a temperature control unit attached to a container.
- Equipment and/or goods items may be attached to or transported on another load or transport device, which as such may be attached to or transported on yet another load or transport device, e.g. a container on a chassis on a rail-car.
- Transport devices, which have the ability of powered movement on their own, are specified in the transport details group.
Other load or transport devices are specified as equipment.
- The expression of packaging for goods items can be expressed at up to three levels.
For insurance purposes the message can be used by the carrier to inform the insurer and/or the insurance intermediary about a consolidation of consignments.
The transport sub-working group (D4) has developed recommendations for a harmonised implementation of this message through its subgroup ITIGG (International Transport Implementation Guidelines Group).
Users implementing the message are strongly advised to apply these recommendations, which may be obtained from the D4 secretariat.
See UNTDID, Part 4, Chapter 2.3 UN/ECE UNSM - General Introduction, Section 1.
3. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
3.1 Standard terms and definitions
See UNTDID, Part 4, Chapter 2.3 UN/ECE UNSM - General Introduction, Section 2.
3.2 Message terms and definitions
A number of generic transport terms are used in this specification, to be described as:
* MODE OF TRANSPORT: the method of transport used for the conveyance of goods or persons, e.g. by rail, by road, by sea.
* MEANS OF TRANSPORT: the vehicle used for the transport of goods or persons, e.g. aircraft, truck, vessel.
* TYPE OF MEANS OF TRANSPORT: the type of vehicle used in the transport process, e.g. wide body, tank truck, passenger vessel.
* EQUIPMENT: material resources necessary.
4. MESSAGE DEFINITION
4.1 Data segment clarification
This section should be read in conjunction with the segment table which indicates mandatory, conditional and repeating requirements.