This specification provides the definition of the Firm booking message (IFTMBF) to be used in Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) between trading partners involved in administration, commerce and transport.
This paper provides the definition of the Firm Booking Message to be used in fulfilling the requirements of trading partners in the transport chain worldwide, in the interchange of cargo and transport related information using Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).
This message is a single consignment based message, being aligned with other single consignment based messages such as the other two booking messages (IFTMBP and IFTMBC), the instruction messages (IFTMIN and IFTMCS) and the Arrival Notice Message (IFTMAN).
The single consignment based messages can be used by all modes of transport for the forwarding and transport of goods from any origin to any destination, regardless of route or prevailing commercial practice.
These messages are suitable for the arrangement of the transport of goods between all parties to the movement of the consignment (including the consignor/shipper and consignee as well as the forwarders, brokers, and carriers involved) as well as providing the information necessary to perform that transport and delivery of the goods.
They should be used in the same way by each mode of transport when the requirements are common even if functionally similar information is known by different names.
1.1 Functional definition
A message from a party definitely booking forwarding and/or transport services for a consignment to the party providing those services. The message will contain the conditions under which the sender of the messages requires the services to take place.
1.2 Field of application
The Firm booking message may be used for both national and international applications. It is based on universal practice related to administration, commerce and transport, and is not dependent on the type of business or industry.
A Firm Booking Message will be sent, usually after an initial space booking has been made. This means that a Firm Booking Message could be sent as the initial message.
The message must be seen as a commitment from the shipper to the carrier or forwarder to execute certain services and is used for operational purposes by the service provider.
A booking-firm can be answered by a confirmation in any form by the service provider but this is not obligatory.
A booking firm message can be updated/replaced by a new booking firm message. It contains all relevant data elements of a consignment for operational purposes and is followed by an Instruction to ascertain a contract.
- A consignment may contain several goods items.
- Goods items may or may not be containerized.
- A goods item may be transported in one or more containers, and a single container may contain one or more goods items.
- One goods item may be related to one or more customs tariff codes.
- Goods items related to one customs tariff code may be carried in one or more containers.
- Goods items may reflect either the contractual or operational description of the goods.
- A party to the movement of the consignment may book or order transport for one or more goods items.
- A party to the movement of the consignment may book or issue instructions of transport to be arranged for several goods items by means of one or several of the following messages: IFTMBP, IFTMBF, IFTMBC, IFTMIN, IFTMCS, IFTMAN.
- Pre-carriage (advanced haulage) and/or on-carriage (destination haulage) of goods items or equipment within one booking or instruction may take place in different steps, each step specified with its own transport details group.
- Equipment may have other types of equipment attached to it, e.g. a temperature control unit attached to a container.
- Equipment and/or goods items may be attached to or transported on another load or transport device, which as such may be attached to or transported on yet another load or transport device, e.g. a container on a chassis on a rail-car.
- Transport devices, which have the ability of powered movement on their own, are specified in the transport details group.
Other load or transport devices are specified as equipment.
- The expression of packaging for goods items can be expressed at up to three levels.
The transport sub-working group (D4) has developed recommendations for a harmonised implementation of this message through its subgroup ITIGG (International Transport Implementation Guidelines Group).
Users implementing the message are strongly advised to apply these recommendations, which may be obtained from the D4 secretariat.
See UNTDID, Part 4, Chapter 2.3 UN/ECE UNSM - General Introduction, Section 1.
3. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
3.1 Standard terms and definitions
See UNTDID, Part 4, Chapter 2.3 UN/ECE UNSM - General Introduction, Section 2.
3.2 Message terms and definitions
A number of generic transport terms are used in this specification, to be described as:
* MODE OF TRANSPORT: The method of transport used for the conveyance of goods or persons, e.g. by rail, by road, by sea.
* MEANS OF TRANSPORT: the vehicle used for the transport of goods or persons, e.g. aircraft, truck, vessel.
* TYPE OF MEANS OF TRANSPORT: The type of vehicle used in the transport process, e.g. wide body, tank truck, passenger vessel.
* EQUIPMENT: Material resources necessary to facilitate the transport and handling of cargo. Transport equipment does under the given circumstances not have the ability to move by its own propulsion (e.g. sea container, trailer, unit load device, pallet).
* TYPE OF EQUIPMENT: The type of material used, e.g. 40 feet container, four way pallet, mafi trailer.
4. MESSAGE DEFINITION
4.1 Data segment clarification
This section should be read in conjunction with the segment table which indicates mandatory, conditional and repeating requirements.